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                              Pastoral Leadership in the New Testament
 
It seems to me that where the Bible touches on the matter of Christian leadership, it supports the strong leadership role for the pastor. A pastor, by definition, is related to a flock as its leader. More specifically, in the several passages where the New Testament deals with the matter of leadership, some highly descriptive and appropriate language is used:
1. John 10:1–5. The pastor shepherds, calls by name, leads, and walks ahead. The people hear his voice, recognize it, and follow him. The truth for today is that. it places every minister who leads a church under the high obligation of loving and nourishing his flock. It summons every member to follow and feed and grow. And finally, the shepherd does not have the lambs; the sheep do. He leads, they reproduce. Together they produce “babes in Christ” and grow them to “men in Christ.”
2. 1 Thessalonians 5:12–13. The pastor works hard, admonishes, and warns. Pastors are to be proactive in correcting and supporting their people. They must be firm with those who are idle and gentle with those who are weak. Time may be short, but true pastors take a patient and long-term approach. They must encourage forgiveness, kindness and peacemaking. This is in contrast to the legalism and feuding of pagan society.
3. Hebrews 13:17. The pastor has rule, watches over souls, and gives account. The people obey and submit. Leaders are commissioned to watch over us and must give an account to God. Those who prove by their exemplary life and sound teaching to be worthy of respect most certainly deserve it.
4. 1 Peter 5:1–5. The pastor feeds the flock, takes oversight, is an example, and is Pastors are to follow Christ’s example and function as servants in the Christian community (Matt. 20:25–28; cf. 23:11). Leaders are “to prepare God’s people for works of service” as ministering members of the body (1 Cor. 3:1–9; 2 Cor. 10:8). And leaders are to “shepherd” (guard, and guide) the local community of faith (cf. Heb. 13:17). Leaders must be men who are equipped for these tasks, in part by gift, but essentially by character (1 Tim. 3:1–7; Titus 1:5–9). Leaders in fact “shepherd” by both teaching (Titus 2) and by modeling, or serving as an example (1 Tim. 4:11–16; Titus 3:10, 14).The shepherding ministry does not mean leaders exercise control of believer’s behavior. It does mean they focus on nurture, encouraging maturity so that believers’ acts of service will be an expression of love–motivated desire and Holy Spirit enablement. When leaders do shepherd, and do so because they want to serve rather than for financial gain or status, Christians will mature.
5. Pastors teach how members should conduct themselves in the house of God (1Tim3:14-15) .God’s church is a family, so “household” might be a better translation. Paul advised young Timothy to treat the members of the local church as he would treat the members of his own family (1 Tim. 5:1–2).Because the local church is a family, it must be fed; and the only diet that will nourish the people is the Word of God. It is our bread (Matt. 4:4), milk and meat (1 Cor. 3:1–2; Heb. 5:12–14), and honey (Ps. 119:103). A pastor must take time to nourish himself so that he might nourish others (1 Tim. 4:6). A church does not grow by addition, but by nutrition (Eph. 4:11–16). It is tragic to see the way some pastors waste their time (and their church’s time) all week long and then have nothing nourishing to give the people on the Lord’s Day.
Like a family, a church needs discipline in love. Children who are not disciplined become rebels and tyrants. The spiritual leaders of the assembly should exercise discipline (1 Cor. 4:18–5:13; 2 Cor. 2:6–11). Sometimes the children need rebuke; other times the discipline must be more severe. Children also need encouragement and example (1 Thes. 2:7–12). Spiritual leaders must have the gentleness of a nursing mother and the strength of a loving father.
 
 
 
 

Paschall, F. H., & Hobbs, H. H. (1972). The teacher's Bible commentary: A concise, thorough interpretation of the entire Bible designed especially for Sunday School teachers (676). Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers. Knowles, A. (2001). The Bible guide. Includes index. (1st Augsburg books ed.) (642). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg.     H.L. Willmington, Willmington's Book of Bible Lists (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale, 1987), 231.     Larry K. Weeden, vol. 15, The Magnetic Fellowship : Reaching and Keeping People, The Leadership library (Carol Stream, Ill.; Waco, Te   Richards, L. O. (1991; Published in electronic form by Logos Research Systems, 1996). The Bible readers companion (electronic ed.) (867). Wheaton: Victor Books. Ibid   Wiersbe, W. W. (1996, c1989). The Bible exposition commentary. "An exposition of the New Testament comprising the entire 'BE' series"--Jkt. (1 Ti 3:14). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.
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