a. The devil (James 4:7). He slanders God to people. He slanders people to God. He slanders people to one another and to themselves.
b. The wicked one (Eph. 6:16). He is out to harm people and create havoc in the natural, political, and social world.
c. The tempter (1 Thess. 3:5). He presents a false but appealing set of plausible reasons and advantages for sinning.
d. The god of this age (2 Cor. 4:4). He is the supernatural motivation for the secular and religious systems of thought that oppose biblical truth.
e. The ruler of this world (John 12:31). Satan has great influence over unrighteous political systems. Totalitarian power, injustice, oppression, and greed are among his trademarks.
f. The prince of the power of the air (Eph. 2:2). He directs the activity of his army of fallen angels who conspire to tempt, deceive, and corrupt in a seemingly endless variety of ways.